Sparśas and Spirants
Table / Diagram
Deshpande’s recording of the Sanskrit alphabet:
- Vowels: a ā i ī u ū ṛ ṝ ḷ e o ai au
- Contact Sounds:
ka kha ga gha ṅa
ca cha ja jha ña
ṭa ṭha ḍa ḍha ṇa
ta tha da dha na
pa pha ba bha ma
- Semivowels: ya ra la va
- Spirants: śa ṣa sa ha
- Dependent Sounds: aṃ (anusvāra) aḥ (visarga)
Answer the following questions in the box below. (In addition, if anything in the video was unclear or you have any feedback about it, please provide it in the space below.)
- Which sounds do native English speakers need to work on deaspirating?
- Which sounds do native English speakers need to work on aspirating?